Good Question Sarah, because you can’t just jump in the water anywhere and expect to find a sunken city or shipwreck. If you are searching for something that disappeared a long time ago in history, there are 3 steps you should take first to improve your chances:
Step 1, The Historical Search; Read everything you can about the subject, especially eye witness accounts of when your target went missing. This step could keep you busy for years! When you know everything that history can tell us about how it was lost, you can narrow down the search area to a reasonable size.
Step 2, The Electronic Search; Use all the technology available to try to collect information from the bottom of the sea. You can tow a many different types of sensors behind a boat, back and forth until you have enough information to make a map of the bottom. To try to visualize what the clues tell you. This part can go on for a long time, but you want to have all the information you can because putting divers in the water takes a lot of resources.
Step 3, The Diver Search; Get your boat and dive team together, make sure to have all the equipment and food to stay on site for a long time, and then Dive in! This part is the most difficult and costly of the steps, but also the most rewarding. Now you get to find out if all the information you gathered before is correct. Good Luck!